ارزیابی سازگاری 104 هیبرید سیب زمینی در استان اردبیل و البرز

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیات علمی بخش تحقیقات زراعی و باغی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اردبیل (مغان)، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اردبیل، ایران

2 عضو هیات علمی بخش تحقیقات اصلاح و تهیه نهال و بذر، موسسه تحقیقات اصلاح و تهیه نهال و بذر، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، کرج، ایران

3 کارشناس بخش تحقیقات اصلاح و تهیه نهال و بذر، موسسه تحقیقات اصلاح و تهیه نهال و بذر، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، کرج، ایران

4 عضو هیات علمی بخش تحقیقات گیاهپزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اردبیل (مغان)، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اردبیل، ایران

5 کارشناس بخش تحقیقات زراعی و باغی، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان اردبیل (مغان)، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، اردبیل، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش به منظور دست­یابی به هیبریدهای مناسب از نظر صفات زراعی، بازارپسندی و سازگاری با شرایط اقلیمی مناطق تولید سیب ­زمینی کشور اجرا شد. تعداد 104 هیبرید انتخابی در طی پنج سال (93-1389) همراه با ارقام ساوالان، کایزر، آگریا و خاوران به عنوان شاهد در یک طرح آزمایشی آگمنت (آزمایش مقدماتی) بدون تکرار در ایستگاه تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی اردبیل و موسسه اصلاح و تهیه نهال و بذر کرج مورد مقایسه قرار گرفتند. 104 هیبرید مورد بررسی در این آزمایش از 8 جمعیت اصلاحی بودند. تعداد 52 هیبرید در اردبیل و 52 هیبرید در کرج (جمعا 104 هیبرید) هر کدام در 4 بلوک و در هر بلوک 13 هیبرید به همراه چهار شاهد (ارقام آگریا، خاوران، کایزر و ساوالان) کشت شدند. در طی دوران رشد و پس از برداشت محصول برخی از صفات از جمله ارتفاع بوته، تعداد ساقه اصلی در بوته، قطر ساقه اصلی، تعداد و وزن غده در بوته، عملکرد غده قابل فروش و درصد ماده خشک غده اندازه­ گیری شدند. پس از بررسی صفات کمّی اندازه­ گیری شده، تعداد 81 هیبرید به عنوان هیبریدهای برتر از لحاظ صفات عملکرد غده قابل فروش و درصد ماده خشک غده انتخاب گردیدند. این تعداد 81 هیبرید انتخابی شامل 17 هیبرید از جمعیت لوستا ♀ × ساتینا♂، 36 هیبرید از جمعیت لوستا ♀ × کایزر♂، 14 هیبرید از جمعیت لوستا ♀ × ساوالان♂، 7 هیبرید از جمعیت کایزر ♀ × ساوالان♂، 4 هیبرید از جمعیت ♀ ساوالان × کایزر ♂، 1 هیبرید از جمعیت ♀ ساوالان × ساتینا ♂ و 2 هیبرید از جمعیت ♀ساتینا × ساوالان ♂ بودند. تجزیه خوشه­ ای، این 104 هیبرید را به سه گروه تقسیم کرد. گروه اول با 49 هیبرید و رقم از تعداد و وزن غده در بوته، عملکرد غده قابل فروش و درصد ماده خشک غده بالایی نسبت به میانگین کل برخوردار بودند. در تجزیه عامل­ ها 3 عامل مستقل از هم مجموعاً 73.90 درصد از تنوع را توجیه نمودند. عامل اول، عامل عملکرد و اجزا آن (صفات عملکرد غده قابل فروش، تعداد و وزن غده در بوته)، عامل دوم، عامل ساختاری بوته (صفات ارتفاع بوته، تعداد ساقه اصلی در بوته و قطر ساقه اصلی) و عامل سوم، عامل کیفی (درصد ماده خشک غده) نام­ گذاری شدند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Adaptability Evaluation of 104 Potato Hybrids in Ardabil and Alborz Provinces

نویسندگان [English]

  • Davoud Hassanpanah 1
  • Ahmad Mousapour Gorji 2
  • Majid Kahbazi 3
  • Hossein Karbalaei Khiavi 4
  • Raouf Mohammadi 5
1 Horticulture Crops Research Department, Ardabil Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Centre, AREEO, Ardabil, Iran
2 Seed and Plant Improvement Research Department, Seed and Plant Improvement Research institute, AREEO, Karaj, Iran
3 Seed and Plant Improvement Research Department, Seed and Plant Improvement Research institute, AREEO, Karaj, Iran
4 Plant Protection Research Department, Ardabil Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Centre, AREEO, Ardabil, Iran
5 Horticulture Crops Research Department, Ardabil Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Centre, AREEO, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

This study was performed to assess potato hybrids for their promising agronomic, and marketability traits and their adaptability to climatic conditions of potato production areas in country. Some 104 potato hybrids selected during five years (2010-2014) along with Savalan, Ceaser, Agria and Khavaran cultivars, as controls, were compared in an augment design (preliminary experiment) without replications both at the Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Station of Ardabil and Seed and Plant Institute Improvement of Karaj. These hybrids (104), tested in this experiment, were from 8 breeding populations. One half of the hybrids (52) in Ardabil and the other half (52) in Karaj (a total of 104 hybrids) each were planted in the 4 blocks and each block consisted of 13 hybrids with four control (Agria, Khavaran, Ceaser and Savalan cultivars). During growing period and after harvest the traits like: plant height, main stem number per plant, main stem diameter, tuber number and weight per plant, marketable tuber yield and tuber dry matter percent were measured. Then 81 hybrids were selected as superior hybrids as to their marketable tuber yield and tuber dry matter content. Hybrids selected consisted of 17 hybrids from ♂ Satina × ♀ Luca population, 36 hybrids from ♂ Ceaser × ♀ Luca population, 14 hybrids from ♂ Savalan × ♀ Luca population, 7 hybrids from ♂ Savalan × ♀ Ceaser population, 4 hybrids from ♂ Ceaser × ♀ Savalan population, 1 hybrids from ♂ Satina × ♀ Savalan population and 2 hybrids from ♂ Satina × ♀ Savalan population. Cluster analysis divided 104 hybrids and cultivars into three groups. The first group with 49 hybrids had higher average tuber number per plant, marketable tuber yield and tuber dry matter percent than the remaining hybrids. In factor analysis, three independent factor total explained 73.90% of the variations. These were named as, 1- tuber yield and its components factor (marketable tuber yield, tuber number and weight per plant), 2- the plant structures factor (plant height, number of main stems per plant and main stem diameter) and 3- quality factor (tuber dry matter percent).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • genetic diversity
  • Breeding population
  • Hybrid
  • Cluster analysis
  • factor analysis
  • Solanum tuberosum
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