پیش تیمار بذر کنجد (Sesamum indicum L) با پرولیـن و اثربخشی آن بر جوانه زنی در دماهای متفاوت

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته فیزیولوژی گیاهان زراعی، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد رشته زراعت دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی

چکیده

به ­منظور بررسی تاثیر پرولین و دما بر میزان اسمولیت­ ها، میــزان آنزیم­ های آنتی اکسیدان و شــاخص ­های جوانه­ زنی کنجد، آزمایشی در سال 1393 در آزمایشگاه دانشکده علوم کشاورزی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی به صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی در سه تکرار انجام گرفت. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل سه سطح پرولین (صفر، 5، 10 میلی­ مولار) و دماهای مختلف جوانه­ زنی (15، 25، 35 درجه سلسیوس) بودند. نتایج آزمایش نشان­ دهنده تاثیر مثبت پرولین بر شاخص ­های جوانه ­زنی، آنزیم­ های آنتی­ اکسیدان، پرولین، پروتئین و تحرک ذخایر غذایی بود. به­ طوری که، کاربرد خارجی (اگزوژنیک) پرولین منجر به افزایش میزان این اسمولیت در گیاهچه ها گردید. همچنین، دماهای 15 و 35 درجه سلسیوس نسبت به دمای 25 درجه سلسیوس منجر به تولید پرولین کمتری شدند. میزان آنزیم پراکسیداز نیز در دمای 25 درجه سلسیوس کمتر از دماهای 15 و 35 درجه سلسیوس برآورد شد و افزایش پرولین منجر به افزایش میزان این آنزیم در دماهای مـورد بررسی گردید. در دمای 25 درجه سلسیوس با کاربــرد 10 میلی­ مولار پرولین بیشترین میزان کاتالاز و پلی­ فنل اکسیداز مشاهده گردید. همچنین، میزان این آنزیم ­ها در دماهای 15 و 35 درجه سلسیوس نسبت به دمای 25 درجه سلسیوس کاهش نشان داد. با توجه به افزایش کارآیی ذخایر غذایی و شاخص قدرت بذر، درصد و سرعت جوانه­ زنی، میزان پرولین، پروتئین و آنزیم ­های آنتی­ اکسیدان در اثر کاربرد پرولین به نظر می­ رسد که پیش­ تیمار بذر با پرولین می ­تواند یکی از راهکارهای مناسب برای جوانه ­زنی بهتر آن تحت شرایط تغییرات دما باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Pretreatment of Sesame Seed (Sesamum indicum L.) with Proline and its Effective on Seed Germination and Plant Physiological Defense Systems under Different Temperature Regimes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasibeh Tavakoli 1
  • Ali Ebadi 2
  • Hourieh Tavakoli 1
  • Payam Tizfahm 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Crop Physiology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 Associate Prof., Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3 M.sc. Student of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

To study the effects of proline and temperature on the rates of antioxidant enzymes and germination index, a factorial laboratory experiment based on completely randomized design was conducted with three replications at the Mohaghegh Ardabili University in 2014. Treatments cinsisted of three levels of proline (0, 5 and 10 mM) and different temperature regimes (15, 25 and 35°C). Results showed that proline significantly increased germination index, rates of antioxidant enzymes, proline, protein and mobility of food reserves. Exogenous application of proline increased assimilates in the seedlings. However, proline synthesis was decreased at temrature regimes of 15 and35°C as compared to 25 °C. Peroxidase enzyme rate at 25°C was lowere than of 15 and 35 °C and addition of proline increased levels of enzymes at these temperature regemes. Application of 10 mM proline at 25 °C showed the highest activity of catalase and polyphenol oxidase rates. However, rates of these enzymes at 15 and 35°C decreased as compared with that of 25°C. The length of radicle increased at all temperatures regemes and the length of plumule increased by proline, but reduced at temperatures of 15 and 35°C. According to the positive effects of proline on food reserves and seed vigor index, speed and rate of germination, proline, protein and antioxidant enzymes contents of seedlings, it seems that pretreatment of seeds with proline is an appropriate method for better seed germination attributs under these temperatures regemes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • antioxidant enzyme
  • germination
  • Proline
  • Sesame

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