عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد ماش (Vigna radiata) متاثر از کاربرد ورمی کمپوست و کود زیستی فسفات

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی


گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، واحد یاسوج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، یاسوج، ایران


به منظور بررسی اثر کود آلی (ورمی کمپوست) و کود زیستی فسفات بارور-2 بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد ماش آزمایشی در سال زراعی 92-91 در یاسوج انجام گرفت. آزمایش به روش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با دوازده تیمار و سه تکرار انجام یافت. عامل اول مصرف ورمی­ کمپوست در چهار سطح (صفر، 10، 20، 30 تن در هکتار) به­ صورت خاک مصرف و عامل دوم استفاده از کود زیستی فسفات بارور-2 در سه سطح (صفر، 50، 100 گرم در هکتار) به­ صورت بذرمال در نظر گرفته شدند. صفات اندازه گیری شده شامل عملکرد بیولوژیک، عملکرد دانه، شاخص برداشت و ارتفاع بوته بودند. نتایج حاصل از مقایسه میانگین­ ها و بر‌همکنش تیمارها نشان داد که کاربرد 30 تن در هکتار ورمی‌کمپوست همراه با بارور-2 به میزان 100 گرم در هکتار سبب بیشترین عملکرد دانه و عملکرد بیولوژیکی به ­ترتیب برابر 4.3 و 18.8 گرم در بوته شدند. بر اساس یافته ­های آزمایش استفاده از تلفیق بارور-2 و ورمی‌کمپوست نسبت به استفاده از هر کدام به تنهایی از این عوامل برتری نشان داده و تلفیق این دو عامل با همدیگر می‌تواند باعث افزایش عملکرد شود. با توجه به یافته­ های آزمایش، مصرف 30 تن ورمی‌کمپوست همراه با بارور-2 به میزان 100 گرم در هکتار برای افزایش عملکرد دانه در این گیاه می­ تواند مفید باشد.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Yield and Yield Components of Vetch (Vigna radiata) as Affected by the Use of Vermicompost and Phosphate Bio-fertilizer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Mehdi Rahimi
  • Alireza Hashemi
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasouj, Iran
چکیده [English]

To evaluate the effects different levels of phosphate biofertilizer barvar-2 and vermi compost on yield and yield components of vetch plant (Vigna radiata L.)in Yasouj a factorial experiments was performed in completely randomized design in crop year of 2013. Experimental treatments were phosphate biofertilizer barvar-2 at 3 levels (0, 50, 100 gram per hectare) and vermicompost at 4 levels (0, 10, 20, 30 ton per hectare). In this study stem height, root length, biological yield, seed yield and harvest index was measured. ANOVA and comparison of means showed that vermicompost significantly increased stem height, economic and biological yields. Results, also, indicated that highest yield and biomass, 4.3 and 18.8 g/plant, observed respectively when 100 g/ha of barvar-2 and 30 t/ha of vermi compost were used. Using both of phosphate biofertilizer barvar-2 and vermicompost was better than their individnal usage. This indicates that combined use of these 2 factors would produce higher yield. It can be concluded that application of 100 g/ha of barvar-2 and 30 t/ha of vermicompost would a proper recommendation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Phosphate barvar-2
  • vermicompost
  • Seed yield
  • Economical yield
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