عنوان مقاله [English]
In this study the effects of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) residues, along with application zinc sulfate, on zinc, protein, phytic acid concentrations of wheat grain and grain yield were evaluated to do this an experiment based on randomized complete block design with 3 replications and six treatments (control, zinc sulfate, wheat residue, bean residue, wheat residue + zinc sulfate and bean residue + zinc sulfate) was conducted in Isfahan during growing season of 2012-2013. Results of ANOVA showed that there were highly significant differences between wheat and bean residues along with application zinc sulfate, protein, phytic acid in wheat grain, phytic acid to zinc molar ratio and yield. The results also showed that the highest grain yield, protein content and grain zinc concentrations were related to bean residues + application sulfate zinc treatment and the lowest yield to control. The use of crop residue on the soil caused a significant increase in grain yield and shoot, as compared with that of the control (p<0.01). The results also revealed that bean residue caused a 20% increase in grain yield. Application of plant residues, specially bean residues + applivation of zinc sulfate decreased the phytic acid to zinc molar ratio in all treatment in respect to control. Amongst the plant residues, bean residues, as compared with residues had the lowest effect of carbon to nitrogen ratio. The highest wheat grain yield related to the treatment of bean residues + sulfate zinc application. Based on the results of this research it can be concluded that application of bean residues + application sulfate zinc may produce highest grain yield and protein content while the lowest phytic acid to zinc ratio and grain yield from other treatments.
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