نقش بقایای گندم و لوبیا به همراه سولفات روی بر برخی ویژگی های کمّی و کیفی گندم

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری خاکشناسی، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

3 استاد گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

به منظور اثرات کاربرد بقایای گندم (Triticum aestivum L) و لوبیا (Phaseolus vulgaris L) به همراه سولفات روی در مزارع گندم بر میزان عملکرد، غلظت روی و آهن، پروتئین و نسبت مولی اسید فیتیک به روی، اسید فیتیک دانه گندم، آزمایشی در سال زراعی 1392-1391 در اصفهان در قالب طرح بلوک­ های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار با شش تیمار (شاهد، سولفات روی، بقایای گندم، بقایای لوبیا، گندم + روی و بقایای لوبیا + روی) به اجرا در آمد. نتایج تجزیه واریانس بیانگر اختلاف معنی­ دار عملکرد ماده خشک و دانه، غلظت روی و آهن دانه، غلظت اسید فیتیک دانه، نسبت مولی اسید فیتیک به روی و پروتئین دانه گندم از نظر تیمارهای مختلف بود. نتایج به دست آمده همچنین نشان داد که بالاترین میزان عملکرد، پروتئین و غلظت روی دانه مربوط به تیمار بقایای لوبیا + روی و کمترین میزان آن مربوط به تیمار شاهد بودند. کاربرد بقایای گیاهی در تمامی تیمارهای مورد بررسی در این آزمایش باعث کاهش نسبت مولی اسید فیتیک به روی (شاخص قابلیت جذب روی برای مصرف کننده) و مخصوصاً تیمار بقایای لوبیا + روی نسبت به تیمار شاهد گردید. بقایای لوبیا نسبت کربن به نیتروژن کمتری از گندم داشت. همچنین، کاربرد بقایای گیاهی در خاک باعث افزایش معنی­ دار عملکرد ماده خشک و دانه گندم در سطح احتمال یک درصد در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد شد، به­ گونه ­ای که بقایای لوبیا باعث افزایش 20 درصدی در عملکرد دانه گردید. در مجموع، نتایج نشان داد که در شرایط آزمایش حاضر، تیمار بقایای لوبیا + روی با بالاترین میزان عملکرد، غلظت روی و پروتئین دانه و کمترین میزان نسبت مولی اسید فیتیک به روی از سایر تیمارهای مورد بررسی در این آزمایش برتر بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Wheat and Bean Residues along with Zinc Sulfate Application on some Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristices of Wheat

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolfazl Baghbani 1
  • Amir Kadkhodaie 2
  • Seyed Ali Mohammad Modarres-Sanavy 3
1 Department of Agronomy, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student, Department of Soil Science, Ahvaz Baranch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Professor, Department of Agronomy, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this study the effects of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) residues, along with application zinc sulfate, on zinc, protein, phytic acid concentrations of wheat grain and grain yield were evaluated to do this an experiment based on randomized complete block design with 3 replications and six treatments (control, zinc sulfate, wheat residue, bean residue, wheat residue + zinc sulfate and bean residue + zinc sulfate) was conducted in Isfahan during growing season of 2012-2013. Results of ANOVA showed that there were highly significant differences between wheat and bean residues along with application zinc sulfate, protein, phytic acid in wheat grain, phytic acid to zinc molar ratio and yield. The results also showed that the highest grain yield, protein content and grain zinc concentrations were related to bean residues + application sulfate zinc treatment and the lowest yield to control. The use of crop residue on the soil caused a significant increase in grain yield and shoot, as compared with that of the control (p<0.01). The results also revealed that bean residue caused a 20% increase in grain yield. Application of plant residues, specially bean residues + applivation of zinc sulfate decreased the phytic acid to zinc molar ratio in all treatment in respect to control. Amongst the plant residues, bean residues, as compared with residues had the lowest effect of carbon to nitrogen ratio. The highest wheat grain yield related to the treatment of bean residues + sulfate zinc application. Based on the results of this research it can be concluded that application of bean residues + application sulfate zinc may produce highest grain yield and protein content while the lowest phytic acid to zinc ratio and grain yield from other treatments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Phytic acid
  • Wheat and bean residues
  • Zinc and iron

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