‏ نقش محلول‌پاشی سالیسیلیک اسید و کیتوزان در شرایط تنش کم آبی بر ‏برخی صفات فیزیولوژیکی و عملکرد روغن گلرنگ ‏‎(Carthamus tinctorius L.)‎

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد زراعت دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران‎.‎

2 استادیارگروه زیست شناسی، دانشکده علوم پایه، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

3 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد زراعت دانشگاه زابل و عضو باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد شهرکرد، شهرکرد، ‏ایران

4 استادیار گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

چکیده

تأثیر تنش خشکی و محلول­پاشی سالیسیلیک اسید و کیتوزان روی گلرنگ طی آزمایشی به­صورت کرت‌های خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در دانشگاه زابل بررسی شد. در این آزمایش سه سطح تنش خشکی شامل آبیاری در زمان تخلیه 25، 50 و 75 درصد آب قابل استفاده خاک به عنوان عامل اصلی و چهار سطح محلول­پاشی شامل بدون محلول­پاشی (شاهد)، محلول­پاشی سالیسیلیک اسید (424/0 گرم در لیتر)، محلول­پاشی کیتوزان (5 گرم در لیتر) و تلفیق سالیسیلیک اسید و کیتوزان به­عنوان تیمار فرعی در نظر گرفته شدند. تنش آب موجب کاهش عملکرد روغن، فسفر، پتاسیم و کلسیم اندام هوایی شد. عملکرد روغن با افزایش تنش خشکی نسبت به آبیاری کامل 11 درصد کاهش یافت. همچنین، تنش خشکی شدید موجب افزایش میزان سدیم دانه شد ولی بر نیتروژن اندام هوایی، آهن اندام هوایی، شاخص پایداری غشاء و درصد رطوبت نسبی اثر معنی­داری نداشت. محلول­پاشی سالیسیلیک اسید و کیتوزان موجب افزایش عناصر پرنیاز (نیتروژن، فسفر و پتاسیم) و کم­نیاز (کلسیم، سدیم و آهن) گردید. عملکرد روغن دانه تحت تاثیر محلول­پاشی قرار نگرفت. به­طورکلی، کاربرد تلفیقی کیتوزان و سالیسیلیک اسید روی صفات مورد مطالعه اثر بخش­تر بود، لذا می‌توان مصرف توامان این دو ماده را به­صورت محلول­پاشی به­منظور توسعه کشت گلرنگ در منطقه سیستان مد نظر قرار داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Salicylic Acid and Chitosan Foliar Applications ‎under Drought Stress Condition on Some Physiological Traits ‎and Oil Yield of Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.)‎

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ayoub Amiri 1
  • Sedigheh Esmaeilzadeh Bahabadi 2
  • Parviz Yadollahi Dehcheshmeh 3
  • Alireza Sirousmehr 4
1 M.Sc. Agronomy, Department of Agronomy, Zabol University, Zabol, Iran‎
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, Zabol University, Zabol, Iran.‎
3 M.Sc. Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Zabol University and member of elite club of Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad ‎University, Shahrekord, Iran.‎
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy, Zabol University, Zabol, Iran.‎
چکیده [English]

To study the effects of drought and foliar applications of salicylic acid and chitosan on some physiological traits and oil yield of safflower under drought a split plot experiment with three replications based on a randomized complete block design was conducted at the University of Zabol, Iran. Treatments were three levels irrigations at 25, 50 and 75% of soil available water assigned to main plots, and four levels of foliar applications of salicylic acid and chitosan (control, 0.424 g/liter of salicylic acid, 5 g/liter of chitosan and mixed application of salicylic acid and chitosan) to sub-plots. Water stress reduced oil yield and phosphorus, potassium and calcium contents of shoot. Oil yield was decreased with increasing drought stress by 11% as compared to that of control. Severe water stress also increased the amount of sodium in seed, but its effects on nitrogen and iron control of shoot, membrane stability index and relative humidity were not significant. Foliar application of salicylic acid and chitosan increased macronutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) and micronutrients (calcium and iron). Seed oil yield was not affected by foliar spray. In general, combined application chitosan and salicylic acid on traits under study was effective. It can be suggested that combined application of chitosan and salicylic acid could be effective in growing safflower at this region.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chitosan
  • Irrigation
  • Safflower
  • Salicylic acid
  • yield
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