ارزیابی عکس‌العمل ذرت دانه‌ای به مدیریت کم آبیاری با استفاده از مدل SWAP

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد لاهیجان

2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اراک، باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان، اراک، ایران.

چکیده

به­منظور بررسی عکس­العمل رقم هیبرید ذرت دانه­ای (سینگل­کراس 260) تحت شرایط تیمارهای آبیاری قطره­ای در استان فارس در سال­های 1390 و 1391، آزمایشی در مزرعه دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شیراز انجام گرفت. چهار سطح آبیاری به­ترتیب 20، 40، 60 و 80 درصد تخلیه رطوبتی در نظر گرفته شدند و آزمایش در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی اجرا شد. از داده­های اندازه گیری شده شاخص سطح برگ، ماده خشک کل، عملکرد دانه و بیوماس کل در سال 1390 برای واسنجی و در سال 1391 برای صحت سنجش مدل سواپ (SWAP) استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که روند کلی تغییرات عملکرد شبیه­سازی شده توسط مدل در مدیریت­های مختلف آبیاری بر روند تغییرات عملکرد به­دست آمده در مزرعه مطابقت دارد. با مقادیر برآورد شده شاخص­های آماری، ضریب تبیین بیشتر از 9/0، آزمون تی بزرگ­تر از 05/0 و مجذور میانگین مربعات خطای نرمال شده (RMSEn) بین 9/1 تا 9/6، کارآیی خوب مدل سواپ (SWAP) در برآورد عملکرد دانه و بیوماس کل به­دست آمد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Maize Response to Less Irrigation Management Using SWAP Model

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ebrahim Amiri 1
  • Fahimeh Shirshahi 2
1 Iran lahijan
2 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This study was conducted to evaluate the response of hybrid varieties of maize (single cross 260) under drip irrigation treatments in the Fars province in 2012 and 2013 at the Experimental Field of Islamic Azad University of Shiraz. Irrigation levels were 20, 40, 60 and 80% deplection of moisture contents and experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design. The triats measured were leaf area index, dry matter yield and total biomass in 2012 and the measurements were repeated in 2013 to validate the use of SWAP model. The results showed that simulated yield changes by the use of model, at different levels of irrigation levels in the farm, corresponded with the yield changes in the field. Statistical indices including correlation coefficient (greater than 0.9), t-test (greater than 0.05), the root mean square error and normalized root mean square error (RMSEn) equal to 1.9-6.9, indicate good performance for grain yield and total biomass by using the SWAP model.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • drip irrigation
  • Maize
  • Shiraz
  • SWAP
  • yield

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