اثر کودهای حاوی نیتروژن بر عملکرد و موسیلاژ اسفرزه (Plantago ovata L.) در آبیاری نرمال و قطع آبیاری

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1- دانشجوی دکترای اکولوژی گیاهان زراعی، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحدتبریز، دانشگاه آزاداسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

3 استاد موسسه اصلاح و تهیه نهال و بذر، کرج، ایران.

4 استاد گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران.

5 استادیار، مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان قزوین، قزوین، ایران

چکیده

این آزمایش در سال­های زراعی 90-1389 و 91-1390 به­منظور مطالعه اثر سطوح مختلف کودهای حاوی نیتروژن، آبیاری نرمال و قطع آبیاری در مرحله پر شدن دانه بر عملکرد، برخی اجزای عملکرد و موسیلاژ اسفرزه، در ایستگاه تحقیقات کشاورزی اسماعیل آباد قزوین انجام گرفت. این پژوهش به­صورت دو آزمایش جداگانه در هر سال و هر آزمایش به­صورت کرت­های خرد شده بر پایه طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار انجام گرفت. آزمایش­ها در دو سال متوالی تکرار و نهایتاً با استفاده از تجزیه مرکب نتایج پژوهش مشخص گردید. پلات­های اصلی شامل آبیاری نرمال و قطع آبیاری در مرحله پر شدن دانه و پلات­های فرعی شامل کودهای حاوی نیتروژن (ورمی­کمپوست، کود دامی و کود شیمیایی نیتروژنی اوره) هر یک در سه سطح به میزان 30، 60 و 90 کیلوگرم در هکتار نیتروژن خالص به کار برده شدند. اثرات آبیاری و کودهای حاوی نیتروژن بر عملکرد موسیلاژ (01/0P≤) و درصد موسیلاژ (05/0P≤) معنی­دار بود. اثرات متقابل آبیاری × کودهای حاوی نیتروژن بر عملکرد بیولوژیک و محتوای نسبی آب (05/0P≤)، عملکرد دانه و وزن هزار دانه (01/0P≤) معنی­دار شد. طبق نتایج این تحقیق؛ بالاترین سطح کاربرد ورمی­کمپوست (90 کیلوگرم در هکتار نیتروژن خالص) در شرایط آبیاری نرمال، نتایج بهتری را در تولید گیاه اسفرزه نشان داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Fertilizers Containing Nitrogen on Yield and Mucilage of Isabgol (Plantago ovata L.) in Irrigation and Cutting off Irrigation

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Toghraei 1
  • Bahram Mirshekari 2
  • Jahanfar Daneshian 3
  • Hamdollah Kazemi Arbat 4
  • Mehrzad i Mohasses Mostashar 5
1 1- Ph.D. Student, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associate Prof. Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
3 3- Professor, Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Iran
4 4- Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
5 Assistant Professor, Soil and Water Research department, Research and Education Center of Agricultural and Natural Resources of Qazvin Province, Qazvin, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This experiment carried out during 2010-11 and 2011-12 cropping years to study the effect of variant levels of fertilizers containing nitrogen, normal irrigation and irrigation hindering on some agronomical characteristics of isabgol, in Smaeel-Abad Agriculture Research Center of Qazvin. The research was carried out by using two split plot experiments based on randomized complete block designs with three replications. The experiments were repeated for two consecutive years and finally the research results were performed by combined analysis. Main plots were normal irrigation (I1) and cutting off irrigation during seed filling stage (I2), sub plots were nitrogen containing fertilizers: vermicompost, cattle manure and chemical nitrogen fertilizer (urea 46%) with three levels, containing 30, 60 and 90 kg.ha-1 of pure nitrogen. Effects of irrigation and nitrogen containing fertilizers on mucilage yield (P≤0.01) and mucilage percentage (P≤0.05) were significant. Interactions of irrigation × nitrogen containing fertilizers on biological yield and relative water content (P≤0.05), seed yield and 1000 seed weight (P≤0.01) were also significant. According to results of this research; the highest application level of vermicompost in normal irrigation condition, showed better results for production of isabgol plant in the research area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cattle manure
  • Chemical Nitrogen fertilizer
  • Isabgol
  • vermicompost
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