اثر محلول پاشی آهن بر رشد، میزان گره زایی و عملکرد کمّی و کیفی نخود (Cicer arietinum) در همدان

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.

2 دکترای اکولوژی گیاهان زراعی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

3 دکترای علوم علف‌های هرز، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.

4 دکتری اکولوژی گیاهان زراعی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه تهران، کرج، ایران.

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا در دو سال زراعی 92-1390 اجرا شد. هدف از اجرای این آزمایش ارزیابی اثر محلول­پاشی آهن بر رشد، میزان گره­زایی و عملکرد کمّی و کیفی نخود زراعی در شرایط آب و هوایی همدان بود. طرح آزمایشی مورد استفاده بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار و هفت تیمار (T1: شاهد (عدم محلول­پاشی)، T2: محلول­پاشی 2 گرم در لیتر نانو کود در مرحله گلدهی، T3: محلول­پاشی 4 گرم در لیتر نانو کود در مرحله گلدهی، T4: محلول­پاشی 2 گرم در لیتر نانو کود در مرحله غلاف­دهی، T5: محلول­پاشی 4 گرم در لیتر نانو کود در مرحله غلاف­دهی، T6: محلول­پاشی 2 گرم در لیتر نانو کود در مراحل گلدهی و غلاف­دهی، T7: محلول­پاشی 4 گرم در لیتر نانو کود در مراحل گلدهی و غلاف­دهی) بود. نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش نشان داد، اثر تیمارهای آزمایشی بر اکثر صفات معنی­دار بودند. کمترین تعداد غلاف در بوته، تعداد دانه در بوته، وزن هزار دانه، عملکردهای دانه و بیولوژیک و تعداد و وزن خشک گره در ریشه و نیز میزان آهن و درصد پروتئین دانه در تیمار شاهد (عدم محلول­پاشی) به­دست آمدند. بیشترین میزان عملکرد بیولوژیک (329 گرم در متر مربع)، عملکرد دانه (152 گرم در متر مربع) درصد پروتئین دانه (85/27 درصد) نیز در تیمار محلول­پاشی 4 گرم در لیتر نانو کلات آهن در مراحل گلدهی + غلاف­دهی مشاهده شدند. بنابراین، محلول­پاشی 4 گرم در لیتر نانو کلات آهن در مراحل گلدهی+ غلاف­دهی، توانست بیشترین میزان گره­زایی در ریشه، شاخص­های زراعی و عملکرد دانه را تولید نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Foliar Application of Iron on Growth, Nodulation and Quantity and Quality of Yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum) in Hamedan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Javad Hamzei 1
  • Mohsen Seyedi 2
  • Afshar Azadbakht 3
  • Ayob Fesahat 4
1 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
2 Ph.D. Crop Ecology, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran.
3 Ph.D. Weed Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
4 Ph.D. Crop Ecology, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research was carried out at the Research Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, Bu-Ali Sina University for two growing seasons (2011-2012). The aim of research was to evaluate the effect of foliar application of iron on growth, nodulation and quantity and quality of chickpea yield in Hamedan. A randomized complete block design with three replications and seven treatments were used (T1: control; non-foliar application, T2: foliar application of 2 g.L-1 of nano fertilizer at flowering stage, T3: foliar application of 4 g.L-1 of nano fertilizer at flowering stage, T4: foliar application of 2 g.L-1 of nano fertilizer at podding stage, T5: foliar application of 4 g.L-1 of nano fertilizer at podding stage, T6: foliar application of 2 g.L-1 of nano fertilizer at flowering and podding stages and T7: foliar application of 4 g.L-1 of nano fertilizer at flowering and podding stages). The effect of treatments on the most traits was significant. Based on means comparisons, lower values for traits like number of pods per plant, number of grain per plant, 1000-seed weight, biological and seed yields, number and dry weight of root nodules and iron content of seed and protein percent were obtained from control (non-foliar application) and foliar application 4 g.L-1 of nano fertilizer at flowering and podding stages treatments. The highest biological yield (329 g.m-2), seed yield (152 g.m-2) protein percent (27.85%) were obtained from treatment of foliar application of 4 g.L-1 of nano fertilizer at flowering and podding stages. Therefore, foliar application of 4 g.L-1 of nano-iron chelate in both flowering and podding stages produced the highest root nodulation, agronomic indices and seed yield.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chickpea
  • Foliar application
  • Seed yield
  • Nano-iron chelate
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