تأثیر کودهای شیمیایی و زیستی فسفر بر تجمع عناصر، محتوای کلروفیل، عملکرد دانه و رشد ریشه سه توده محلی ماش

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه ایلام

2 استادیار گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران

چکیده

به­‌منظور بررسی اثر کاربرد کودهای شیمیایی و زیستی فسفر بر تجمع عناصر، محتوای کلروفیل، رشد ریشه و عملکرد دانه سه توده بذری ماش، آزمایشی در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه ایلام در سال 1394، به­ صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار اجرا شد. تیمارها شامل سه توده محلی ماش (فریدونی، گتوندی و ارتشی)، کود شیمیایی فسفر در سه سطح شامل عدم مصرف کود شیمیایی (P0)، مصرف 75 (P75) و 150 (P150) کیلوگرم در هکتار سوپر فسفات‌تریپل و کود زیستی در دو سطح عدم مصرف کود زیستی (B0) و مصرف 100 گرم در هکتار کود فسفر بارور-2 (B100) بودند. نتایج نشان داد که کاربرد توأم کود زیستی و شیمیایی فسفر (75 و 150 کیلوگرم در هکتار) باعث افزایش غلظت فسفر، نیتروژن، پتاسیم دانه و وزن خشک ریشه در ماش شد. کاربرد کود زیستی فسفر نیز باعث افزایش غلظت فسفر و نیتروژن دانه در هر سه توده بذری ماش گردید. بیشترین غلظت روی و آهن دانه، کلروفیل برگ، تعداد گره و وزن خشک ریشه در توده بذری ارتشی به­‌دست آمد. غلظت روی، کلروفیل برگ، تعداد گره در ریشه با کاربرد کود زیستی افزایش یافت. کود سوپر فسفات‌تریپل به ‌میزان 75 و 150 کیلوگرم در هکتار، غلظت کلروفیل برگ و تعداد گره در ریشه ماش را افزایش دادند. کاربرد توأم کود زیستی فسفر بارور-2 و 75 کیلوگرم سوپر فسفات‌تریپل در هکتار عملکرد دانه را در توده‌های فریدونی، ارتشی و گتوندی در مقایسه با عدم مصرف کود به­‌ترتیب به­‌میزان 32.33%، 64.87% و 81.35% افزایش داد. کاربرد مقادیر کاهش ‌یافته کودهای شیمیایی فسفر توأم با کود زیستی باعث بهبود عملکرد دانه توده‌های بذری ماش در راستای کشاورزی پایدار گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Phosphorus Bio-fertilizers and Chemical on Element Accumulations, Chlorophyll Content, Seed Yield and Root Growth of Three Local Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) Populations

نویسندگان [English]

  • maryam rashidi 1
  • Nosrat ollah Abbasi 2
  • Mohammad Reza Zarea 3
1 M.Sc. of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran
چکیده [English]

To investigate the effects of chemical and phosphorus bio-fertilizers on element accumulations, chlorophyll content, seed yield and root growth of three local populations of mung bean, a factorial experiment based on a randomized complete block design with three replications was carried out at the Research Farm of Agricultural Faculty of Ilam University, Ilam, Iran, in 2015. The treatments were three local populations of mung bean (Fereydouni, Arteshi, Gotvandi), chemical fertilizer with three levels: (without using fertilizer (P0), using 75 kg.ha-1 of super phosphate (P75) and 150 kg.ha-1 of super phosphate (P150) and bio-fertilizer with two levels: without using fertilizer (B0) and using 100 g.ha-1 of barvar-2 phosphate (B100). Result showed that application of bio-fertilizer and chemical phosphorus (75 and 150 kg.ha-1 of super phosphate) increased phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium in seeds and root dry weight of mung bean. Application of bio-fertilizer increased phosphorus and nitrogen contents of three local populations of mung bean. Highest contents of zinc and iron in seed, leaf chlorophyll, number of nodules and root dry weight belonged to Arteshi population. Zinc concentration, chlorophyll and number of nodule in roots increased by using bio-fertilizer. Application of chemical phosphorus (75 and 150 kg.ha-1 super phosphate) increased chlorophyll content of leaves and number of nodule in root of mung bean. Application of both bio-fertilizer and chemical phosphorus increased seed yield of Fereydouni, Arteshi, and Gotvandi by 32.33, 64.87 and 81.35 percents, respectively, as compared to that of control. It can be concluded that reduced application of chemical and phosphorus bio-fertilizers improves the yielding ability of mung bean.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Barvar-2 bio- phosphate
  • Mung bean
  • nitrogen
  • Variety
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