ارزیابی کشت مخلوط درهم جو بهاره (.Hordeum vulgare L) و ماشک گل خوشه ای (Vicia villosa Roth)

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری زراعت، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد تبریز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تبریز، ایران

3 استادیار بخش زراعی و باغی مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی آذربایجان غربی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، میاندوآب، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور مطالعه تأثیر کشت مخلوط درهم بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد جو و ماشک گل خوشه‌ای آزمایشی در دو سال زراعی (1394-1393) در ایستگاه تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی میاندوآب بر پایه طرح بلوک­ های کامل تصادفی در چهار تکرار اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل نه تیمار کشت مخلوط با تراکم‌های250 بوته در متر مربع ماشک+ 300 بوته جو، 250 بوته ماشک+ 500 بوته جو، 250 بوته ماشک + 700 بوته جو، 450 بوته ماشک+ 300 بوته جو، 450 بوته ماشک+ 500 بوته جو، 450 بوته ماشک+ 700 بوته جو، 650 بوته ماشک + 300 بوته جو، 650 بوته ماشک+ 500 بوته جو و 650 بوته ماشک+ 700 بوته جو و دو تیمار کشت خالص ماشک (250 دانه در متر مربع) و جو (350 دانه در متر مربع) بودند. نتایج تجزیه واریانس مرکب نشان داد که بین تیمارها از لحاظ کلیه صفات در هر دو محصول اختلاف معنی‌دار وجود داشت. کشت خالص جو بالاترین سنبله در متر مربع (97.88)، وزن هزار دانه (47.28 گرم) وعملکرد بیولوژیک (13.36 تن در هکتار) و عملکرد دانه (4.36 تن در هکتار) را به خود اختصاص داد. هم­چنین، بالاترین تعداد ساقه (379.25) و عملکرد بیولوژیک (7.63 تن در هکتار) و عملکرد دانه (1.94 تن در هکتار) ماشک در کشت خالص مشاهده شد. بالاترین نسبت برابری زمین هم بر اساس عملکرد دانه (1.20) و هم بر اساس عملکرد بیولوژیک (1.48) در تیمارهای تراکم 500 بوته جو + تراکم 250 بوته ماشک در متر مربع دیده شد، که نشان­دهنده مزیت کشت مخلوط در مقایسه با کشت خالص این دو محصول بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and Vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) Intercropping

نویسندگان [English]

  • Bijan Kahraryan 1
  • Farhad Farahvash 2
  • Soleyman Mohammadi 3
  • Bahram Mirshekari 2
  • Varahram Rashidi 2
1 Ph.D. Student, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Horticultural crops research Department, West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Miyandoab, Iran
چکیده [English]

To study the effect of barley-vetch intercropping on their yields and yield components, a two-year field experiment was conducted during 2013 and 2014 growing seasons at the Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Station of Miandoab. Factors consisted of 9 mixed treatments: with densities of 250 vetch plants + 300 barley plants, 250 vetch plants + 500 barley plants, 250 vetch plants + 700 barley plants, 450 vetch plants + 300 barley plants, 450 vetch plants + 500 barley plants, 450 vetch plants + 700 barley plants, 650 vetch plants + 300 barley plants, 650 vetch plants + 500 barley and 650 vetch plants + 700 barley plants per square meter and sole cropping of barley (350 plants per m2) and  vetch (250 plants per m2). Experimental design was a randomized complete block with four replications. Result of combine analysis showed that there were significant differences among the patterns of planting treatments. The highest number of spikes per square meter (97.88), thousand kernel weight (47.28 g) and biological yield (7.63 t.ha-1) and seed yield (4.36 t.ha-1) were observed in sole cropping of barley. Also, the highest number of plants (379.25), biological yield (63.67 t.ha-1) and seed yield (1.94 t.ha-1) in vetch were belonged to sole cropping of vetch. In this study the highest land equivalent ratio (LER), based on seed yield (1.20) and biological yield (1.48), belonged to 250 vetch + 500 barley plants treatment, which indicate the usefulness of this intercropping treatment, as compared to the sole cropping of these two plant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • barley
  • Intercropping
  • Vetch
  • yield
  • land equivalent ratio (LER)
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