تأثیر همزیستی میکوریزایی و استفاده از کودهای آلی، ورمی کمپوست و چای کمپوست بر عملکرد کمّی و کیفی بادرنجبویه (Melissa officinalis L)

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته‌ی کارشناسی ارشد اگرو اکولوژی، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج، ایران.

2 استاد، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، واحد اهواز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اهواز، ایران

10.30495/jcep.2020.679067

چکیده

بادرنجبویه یک گیاه شناخته شده است که به­عنوان طعم­دهنده مواد غذایی، آشامیدنی و به­عنوان گیاهی دارویی برای درمان سردرد، اختلالات گوارشی، عصبی و روماتیسم استفاده می­شود. به­منظور بررسی اثر کودهای آلی و همزیستی میکوریزایی بر اجزای عملکرد و درصد اسانس بادرنجبویه آزمایشی به­صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کامل تصادفی با 8 تیمار و 4 تکرار در سال 1393 در ساری اجرا شد. عوامل شامل کاربرد میکوریزا در دو سطح (صفر، 10% حجم گلدان)، ورمی کمپوست در دو سطح (صفر، 10% حجم گلدان) و چای کمپوست در دو سطح (صفر، 5/1 لیتر برای گلدان­های مشخص شده) در نظر گرفته شدند. صفات اندازه­گیری شده شامل سطح برگ، ارتفاع بوته، وزن هزار دانه و درصد اسانس بودند. نتایج به­دست آمده نشان داد تیمارهای کودهای آلی و همزیستی میکوریزایی تاثیر معنی­داری بر اغلب صفات مورد اندازه­گیری داشتند و کلیه صفات مورد بررسی را در مقایسه با شاهد افزایش دادند. به­طوری­که، بیشترین سطح برگ در تیمار کاربرد چای کمپوست (93/207 سانتی­متر مربع) و کمترین آن در تیمار شاهد (63/52 سانتی­متر مربع) و بیشترین وزن خشک بوته در تیمار کاربرد چای کمپوست و همزیستی میکوریزایی (07/3 گرم) و کمترین آن در تیمار شاهد (51/0گرم) بودند. بیشترین درصد اسانس در تیمار همزیستی میکوریزایی معادل 73/0% و کمترین آن در تیمار شاهد معادل 23/0% به­دست آمدند. با توجه به نتایج حاصل به نظر می­رسد که افزایش در صفات مورد بررسی ناشی از کاربرد اثرات مفید کودهای آلی و همزیستی میکوریزایی بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis and the Use of Organic Fertilizers, Vermicompost and Tea Compost on Quantitative and Qualitative Yield of Melissa officinalis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Koozehgar kaleji 1
  • Mohammad Reza Ardakani 2
  • Mojtaba Alavi Fazel 3
1 Department of Agronomy, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) is a well-known herb used to give fragrance to different food and beverage products. It has also been used as a medicinal plant for the treatment of headaches, gastrointestinal disorders, nervousness, and rheumatism. To study the effect of organic fertilizers and mycorrhizal symbiosis on yield components percentage of essences Melissa officinalis, factorial experiment in a randomized complete block design with 8 treatments and 4 replications was conducted in Sari, in 2014. The experimental treatments were mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus mosseae) with two levels (0, 10% of each pot), vermicompost with two levels (0، 10% of each pot) and compost tea with two levels (0, 1.5 liter for pots marked). Traits measured were leaf area, plant high, number of seeds per plant, 1000 seed weight, and essence content. The results showed that organic fertilizer and mycorrhizal symbiosis treatments had a significant effect on all traits as compared to the control. Highest leaf area produced by the use of tea compost (207.93 cm2) and lowest from control treatment (52.63 cm2). Highest plant dry weight due to tea compost treatment along with mycorrhizal symbiosis (3.07 g) and lowest from control treatment (0.51 g). Highest essence percent was produced by mycorrhizal symbiosis treatment (0.73 %) and lowest from control treatment (0.23 %). It seems that increase in traits under study was due to the beneficial effects of organic fertilizers and mycorrhizal symbiosis of fungus used in this study.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Biofertilizer
  • Essence present
  • Glomus mosseae
  • Medicinal plant
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