اثر رژیم‌های قطع آبیاری بر ارقام سیب‌زمینی (.Solanum tuberosum L) در شرایط اقلیمی اردبیل

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری زراعت، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری اکولوژی گیاهان زراعی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

4 استاد گروه جغرافیا و اقلیم شناسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

5 دانشجوی دکتری گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، سمنان، ایران

10.30495/jcep.2021.681010

چکیده

انتخاب رقم­های متحمل به تنش آبی، در مناطقی با کمبود بارندگی از اهمیت بیشتری برخوردار است. در این راستا، آزمایشی به­صورت کرت­های خرد شده با سه تکرار، 5 رقم سیب­زمینی و سه رژیم آبیاری در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در دو سال 95-1394 در مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی اردبیل اجرا شد. عوامل آزمایش شامل سه رژیم آبیاری: آبیاری کامل (با تأمین 100 درصد نیاز آبی) به­عنوان شاهد و قطع آبیاری 15 و 30 روزه که در کرت­های اصلی و پنج رقم سیب­زمینی شامل: ارقام آگریا، کایزر و ساوالان و کلون­های 1-397081 و 10-397082 که در کرت­های فرعی قرار داده شدند. در این آزمایش رقم ساوالان و کلون­های 10-397082 و 1-397081 از لحاظ عملکرد غده، ماده خشک غده، کارآیی مصرف آب و عملکرد غده قابل فروش بالا در مقایسه با کایزر و آگریا از برتری نسبی برخوردار بودند. همچنین، در هر دو سال آزمایش، روند تغییرات این ارقام برای صفات مورد مطالعه، در تیمار 15 روز قطع آبیاری، مشابه بود و با تیمار شاهد تفاوت معنی­داری نداشت. در نتیجه می­توان از روش 15 روز قطع آبیاری که سبب صرفه­جویی در مقدار آب مصرفی می­گردد، برای منطقه اردبیل استفاده کرد. یافته­ها می­تواند در مورد چگونگی استفاده صحیح از کم آبیاری برای تعادل بین عملکرد سیب­زمینی، حفظ آب و کیفیت محصول مفید باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Deficit Irrigation Conditions on Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Cultivars in Ardabil Climatic

نویسندگان [English]

  • Atousa Shafaroodi 1
  • Mahnaz Sharifi 2
  • Abdolghayoum Gholipouri 3
  • Broomand Salahi 4
  • Mohammadbagher Aalizadeh 5
1 Ph.D. Student of Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student of Crop Ecology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
4 Professor, Department of Geography, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
5 Ph.D. Student of Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, University of Shahrood, Semnan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Selection of tolerant cultivars to water stress in areas with reduced rainfall is important. A split plot experiment based on a randomized complete block design with three replications was conducted at the Ardabil Agricultural Research Center during 2015-2016. The experiment factors consisted of three irrigation regimes: full irrigation (with 100% water requirement) considered as control and 15 and 30 days irrigation intervals assigned to main plots and five potato cultivars consisted of: 397081-1 and 397082-10 Clones and Agria, Caesar and Savalan cultivars assigned to sub plots. In this experiment, clones 397082-10 and 397081-1 and Savalan cultivar had relative superiority in terms of tuber yield, tuber dry matter, water use efficiency and high marketable tuber yield compared to Caesar and Agria. Also, in both years of experiment, the trend of variation of these cultivars for the studied traits were similar under deficit irrigation interval of 15-days. The results were not significantly different against control treatment. As a result, 15-days interval irrigation can be used to save water in the Ardabil area.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Marketable tuber yield
  • Water deficit stress
  • water use efficiency
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