عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد ماش (Vigna radiata) متاثر از کاربرد ورمی کمپوست و کود زیستی فسفات

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی


گروه زراعت، دانشکده کشاورزی، واحد یاسوج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، یاسوج، ایران


به منظور بررسی اثر کود آلی (ورمی کمپوست) و کود زیستی فسفات بارور-2 بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد ماش آزمایشی در سال زراعی 92-91 در یاسوج انجام گرفت. آزمایش به روش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با دوازده تیمار و سه تکرار انجام یافت. عامل اول مصرف ورمی­ کمپوست در چهار سطح (صفر، 10، 20، 30 تن در هکتار) به­ صورت خاک مصرف و عامل دوم استفاده از کود زیستی فسفات بارور-2 در سه سطح (صفر، 50، 100 گرم در هکتار) به­ صورت بذرمال در نظر گرفته شدند. صفات اندازه گیری شده شامل عملکرد بیولوژیک، عملکرد دانه، شاخص برداشت و ارتفاع بوته بودند. نتایج حاصل از مقایسه میانگین­ ها و بر‌همکنش تیمارها نشان داد که کاربرد 30 تن در هکتار ورمی‌کمپوست همراه با بارور-2 به میزان 100 گرم در هکتار سبب بیشترین عملکرد دانه و عملکرد بیولوژیکی به ­ترتیب برابر 4.3 و 18.8 گرم در بوته شدند. بر اساس یافته ­های آزمایش استفاده از تلفیق بارور-2 و ورمی‌کمپوست نسبت به استفاده از هر کدام به تنهایی از این عوامل برتری نشان داده و تلفیق این دو عامل با همدیگر می‌تواند باعث افزایش عملکرد شود. با توجه به یافته­ های آزمایش، مصرف 30 تن ورمی‌کمپوست همراه با بارور-2 به میزان 100 گرم در هکتار برای افزایش عملکرد دانه در این گیاه می­ تواند مفید باشد.


عنوان مقاله [English]

Yield and Yield Components of Vetch (Vigna radiata) as Affected by the Use of Vermicompost and Phosphate Bio-fertilizer

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Mehdi Rahimi
  • Alireza Hashemi
Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasouj, Iran
چکیده [English]

To evaluate the effects different levels of phosphate biofertilizer barvar-2 and vermi compost on yield and yield components of vetch plant (Vigna radiata L.)in Yasouj a factorial experiments was performed in completely randomized design in crop year of 2013. Experimental treatments were phosphate biofertilizer barvar-2 at 3 levels (0, 50, 100 gram per hectare) and vermicompost at 4 levels (0, 10, 20, 30 ton per hectare). In this study stem height, root length, biological yield, seed yield and harvest index was measured. ANOVA and comparison of means showed that vermicompost significantly increased stem height, economic and biological yields. Results, also, indicated that highest yield and biomass, 4.3 and 18.8 g/plant, observed respectively when 100 g/ha of barvar-2 and 30 t/ha of vermi compost were used. Using both of phosphate biofertilizer barvar-2 and vermicompost was better than their individnal usage. This indicates that combined use of these 2 factors would produce higher yield. It can be concluded that application of 100 g/ha of barvar-2 and 30 t/ha of vermicompost would a proper recommendation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Phosphate barvar-2
  • vermicompost
  • Seed yield
  • Economical yield
Anwar, M., D.D. Patra, S. Chand, K. Alpesh, A.A. Naqvi, and S.P.S. Khanuja. 2005. Effect of organic manures and inorganic fertilizer on growth, herb and oil yield, nutrient accumulation and oil quality of French basil. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 36(13-14): 1737-1746.
Arancon, N., C.A. Edwards, P.Bierman, C. Welch, and J.D. Metzger. 2004. Influences of vermicomposts on field strawberries: 1. Effects on growth and yields. Bioresource Technology. 93: 145-153.
Arguello, J.A., A. Ledesma, S.B. Nunez, C.H. Rodriguez, and M.D.D. Goldfarb. 2006. Wormicompost effects on bulbing dynamics, nonstructural carbohydrate content, yield and quality of Rosado paraguayo garlic bulbs. Horticultural Sciences. 41(3): 589-592.
Buddenhagen, I.W., and R.A. Richards. 2004. Breeding cool-season food legumes for improved performance in stress environments. In: R.J. Summer field (eds.) World crops: Cool - Season Food Legumes. Kluwer, Dordrecht. The Netherlands.
Chand, S., P. Pande, A. Prasad, M. Anwar, and D.D. Patra. 2007. Influence of integrated supply of Vermicompost and zinc-enriched compost with two grade levels of iron and zinc on the productivity of Geranium. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 38: 2581-2599.
Chezhiyan, N., S. Saraswathy, and R. Vasumathi. 2003. Studies on organic manures, biofertilizers and plant density on growth, yield and alkaloid content of bhumyamalaki (Phyllanthus amarus Schum. And Thonn.). South Indian Horticulture. 51: 96-101.
Darzi, M.T., A. Ghalavand, F. Rejali, and F. Sefidkon. 2006. Effects of biofertilizers application on yield and yield components in Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Iranian Journal of Medicine and Aromatic Plants. 22(4): 278-292. (In Persian).
Eftekhari, S.G.H., A. Akbari, A. Fallah Nosrat abadi, A. Mohaddesi, and A. Dadi. 2006. Effect of phosphate solubilizing rhizobacteria in compare different levels of phosphat fertilizer on yield of rice. 9th Congress of Agronomy Science and Plant Breeding. Tehran University, 18p. (In Persian)
Hashemi, A.R., and M.M. Rahimi. 2013. Effects of different levels phosphate biofertilizer barvar-2 and vermicompost on yield and yield components of vetch plant (Vigna radiate) in yasouj area. M.Sc. Thesis in Agronomy. Islamic Azad University of Yasouj. 139 Pp. (In Persian).
Hazarika, D.K., N.C. Taluk Dar, A.K. Phookan, U.N. Saikia, B.C. Das, and P.C. Deka. 2000. Influence of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphate solubilizing bacteria on nursery establishment and growth of tea seedlings in Assam. Symposium no. 12, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat- Assam, India, 7-12 December: 379.
Kessel, C.V., C. Hamoky, and S.L. Hartely. 2000. Agricultural management of grain legumes. Field Crops Research. 65: 165-181.
Kucey, R.M.N., H. H. Janzen, and M.E. Leggett. 1998. Microbially mediated increases in plant available phosphorus. Advances in Agronomy. 42: 199-225.
Leggett, M.E., S. Gleddie, and G. Holloway. 2001. Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms and their use. Philom. Bios. INC. Saskatoon, Canada. P. 545.
Madani, H., M.A. Malbubie, and H. Hasan Abadi. 2005. The effect of biological barvar-2 phosphate fertilizer on yield and other agronomy properties of potato var. Agria. Agriculture and Natural Resources Faculty of Islamic Azad University of Arak. 221 Pp. (In Persian)
Mozaffarian, V.A. 2002. Dictionary of plants in Iran. Tehran University Press. 677p.
Ratti, N., S. Kumar, H.N. Verma, and S.P. Gautam. 2001. Improvement in bioavailability of tricalcium phosphate to Cymbopogon martinii var. Motia by rhizobacteria, AMF and Azospirillum inoculation. Mic Res. 156: 145-149.
Sanchez, G.E., G.C. Carballo, and G.S.R. Ramos. 2008. Influence of organic manures and biofertilizers on the quality of two Plantaginaceae: Plantago major L. and Plantago lanceolata L. Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales. 13(1): 12-15.
Scheffer M.C., and H.S. Koehler. 1993. Influence of organic fertilization on the biomass, yield and yield composition of the essential oil of Achillea millefolium. Acta Horticulture. 331: 109-114.
Sharma, A.K. 2002. Biofertilizers for sustainable agriculture. Agrobios. India, 407 p.
Somani, L.L., P. Shilpkar, and D. Shilpkar. 2011. Biofertilizers: Commercial production technology and quality control. Agrotech Publishing Academy, India.
 Tabrizi, L., A. Koochaki, and R Ghorbani. 2008. To evaluate the effect of biofertilizers on yield and growth characteristics of Hyssopus officinalis. Agricultural Research of Iran. 6(1): 126-136. (In Persian)
Tisdale, S.L., W.L. Nelson, and J.D. Beaton. 1999. Soil fertility and fertilizer. Biology and Fertility of Soils 4: 354-358.
Vadiraj, B.A., S. Gangaiah, and N. Poti. 1998. Effect of vermicompost on the growth and yield of turmeric. South Indian Horticulture. 46: 176-179.